|Statement||by A. Ent Gooch.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||8 p. ;|
The Economics of English Mining in the Middle Ages is the economic history of English mining from the Norman invasion in , to the death of Henry VII in England's economy was fundamentally agricultural throughout the period, but the mining of iron, tin, lead and silver, and later coal, played an important part within the English medieval economy. Coal is important because it is a reliable and an affordable source of energy in many countries. It is responsible for about 40 percent of the electricity generated in the world. Coal is a crucial ingredient in manufacturing industries. This discovery played a key role in kick-starting the industrial revolution in England during the early s by enabling the development of steam engines and other modes of transportation. Composition of Coal. Coal is one of the three major types of ‘fossil fuels,’ along with petroleum and natural gas. The discovery of coal in Victoria dates from the year , when the mineral is reported to have been found at Cape Patterson. There is no record of production in the earlier years, but it is stated that the first Victorian coal placed on the Melbourne market came from Kilcunda, in the vicinity of the original discovery.
Coal trading has brought money to the countries. Steaming coal is known to be useful in the manufacture of cement. The production of steel is carried out by coking coal combined with 10 percent of anthracite coal. Domestic coal is used in households for cooking purpose as well as for heating purposes. Hence, coal is very important in many aspects. The largest producer of coal, not just anthracite coal, is indeed China. In the last decade, China has been averaging between and billion short tons per year. Coal is China’s main source of energy and the Chinese coal industry employs roughly five million workers a year. Coal was important to the Industrial Revolution because it burned hotter than wood charcoal. The additional heat was needed in the boilers that ran the steam engines developed during the Industrial Revolution, according to the United States Department of Energy. North East England is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes. It covers Northumberland, County Durham, Tyne and Wear, and the area of the former county of Cleveland in North region is home to three large conurbations: Teesside, Wearside, and Tyneside, the last of which is the largest of the three and the eighth .
Coal mining regions are significant resource extraction industries in many parts of the world. They provide a large amount of the fossil fuel energy in the world economy.. The People's Republic of China is the largest producer of coal in the world, while the United States contains the world's largest 'recoverable' coal reserves (followed by Pakistan, Russia, China, and India). The modern history of petroleum began in the 19th century with the refining of paraffin from crude oil. The Scottish chemist James Young in noticed a natural petroleum seepage in the Riddings colliery at Alfreton, Derbyshire from which he distilled a light thin oil suitable for use as lamp oil, at the same time obtaining a thicker oil suitable for lubricating machinery. references to coal was made by the Greek philosopher and scientist Aristotle, who referred to a charcoal like rock. Coal cinders found among Roman ruins in England indicate that the Romans used energy from coal before AD Chronicles from the Middle Ages provide the first evidence of coal mining in Europe and even of an international. The dramatic increase in waste for disposal led to the creation of the first incineration plants, or, as they were then called, 'destructors'. In , the first incinerator was built in Nottingham by Manlove, Alliott & Co. Ltd. to the design of Alfred Fryer. However, these were met with opposition on account of the large amounts of ash they produced and which wafted over the .